With the closing of a bountiful harvest all around, it’s a great time to think of preserving the sweetness and tang of apples to enjoy throughout the year. Apples can be dried, made into applesauce or apple butter, or made into jelly. Apple pie filling may be canned, or prepared and frozen. Apples, and all the things you can make with them, are both delicious and nutritious.
According to Barbara Ingham, food science specialist with the University of Wisconsin-Extension, the National Center for Home Food Preservation recommends certain varieties for freezing, including Golden Delicious, Rome Beauty, Stayman, Jonathan and Granny Smith.
Varieties that are good for making applesauce and apple butter include: Golden Delicious, Rome Beauty, Stayman, Jonathan, Gravenstein and McIntosh. Red Delicious apples and newer varieties, such as Honey Crisp, are best eaten fresh, Ingham says. They do not freeze or cook well. Both applesauce and apple butter are most flavorful when prepared from a mix of apple varieties that bring sweet and tart flavors to the final product.
Ingham offers some tips for canning apples.
Choose firm apples at the peak of maturity for preserving. Always follow a tested recipe. “Apple butter is a favorite in my family and has many of the same preparation steps,” says Ingham. Tested recipes are available for making a tasty, robust apple butter and a no-sugar added apple butter made with Sucralose.
“Consider using a slow cooker or Nesco roaster for cooking the apples at a low temperature without added water when preparing sauce,” Ingham says. “For apple butter, you must add the apple cider and vinegar for safety’s sake. Hot pack the applesauce or apple butter into clean, hot pint or quart jars and close with a two-piece lid. Always follow with a processing step in a boiling water canner or an atmospheric steam canner.”
A processing step in a boiling water canner or an atmospheric steam canner is necessary to ensure a safe, high quality preserved product. The heat from the boiling water or steam penetrates into the jars and destroys spoilage bacteria and harmful pathogens and could make the product spoil or become unsafe.
“Instructions that call for using an oven for canning are not safe,” says Ingham. The dry heat of an oven may destroy the sealing surface in the lid, and dry air is not effective at transferring heat into the jar.
“The steam from a pot of boiling water at 212°F will burn your hand in an instant; but you can hold your hand in a very hot oven—400°F—and, as long as you don’t touch a rack or pan, you won’t be instantly burned,” says Ingham.
Other flavorful options for canning apples include apple jelly, crabapple jelly, apple preserves, spiced apple rings and apple chutney. These all make beautiful and delicious home-made gifts too.
Another perennial favorite is apple pie filling. UW-Extension recommends the use of Clear Jel, a modified cornstarch, for thickening pie fillings for canning. Ingham suggests using only 75 percent of the amount of Clear Jel listed in the recipe for a filling with the right degree of thickness.
If you aren’t into canning apple pie filling, you can still make dessert preparation easy if you have a freezer, Ingham says. Prepare the pie filling for canning but instead of filling into jars, fill into pie plates lined with plastic wrap and/or aluminum foil. Freeze the filling until firm. Remove from the freezer, wrap securely, and return to the freezer. To make a quick dessert, line a pie pan with pastry dough, unwrap and add a frozen “filling,” and bake as you would a frozen pie.
Tested recipes also exist for guiding you on how to freeze apple slices or for drying apple slices or rings for a tasty snack.
To learn more about preserving any kind of food safely, contact your local UW-Extension office at 715-672-5214, 608-685-6252 or email firstname.lastname@example.org .